After years of struggle and crisis, by 2020 the world will have 2.3 Million new jobs thanks to Artificial Intelligence (AI).
This is the announcement given by Gartner Inc., the world’s leading research and advisory company. 2020 will be a year of change, where a new era will start and the old one (the current) will be left behind. The source of this breakthrough is AI that will eliminate 1.8 million jobs, but will create additional 2.3 million new opportunities that may change how we live for good.
After a period of crisis, from 2020 AI will become a positive job motivator, although it’s still confused with automation, and therefore is seen as a threat to any workers. According to Ms. Sicular, research vice president at Gartner, people will start to benefit from AI if they change their values and focus on augmenting people with AI. This means re-imagine old tasks and creating new industries. This will mean not just a change in jobs, but also in culture, so that it can be rapidly adapted to AI-related opportunities.
In the past, innovations always brought a transaction period of temporary job loss, subsequently followed by recovery. This is what will likely happen again with AI. The result? Productivity improvement, elimination of middle- and low-level positions, but also creation of millions of new high-skilled, management, entry-level and low-skilled jobs from which new generations will benefit. Hence, it’s time for these ‘future workers’ to rethink their own life and education, following the trend.
Which jobs will be affected and in what measure?
They will vary by industry, but on average, through 2019 healthcare, education and public sector will continue to grow, while manufacturing will suffer from a crisis – already started years ago (Ed.). According to Gartner, by 2025 AI will create 2 million net-new jobs. We don’t have to think Artificial Intelligence like a ‘Terminator Machine’ that will replace humans, but a support for them (Ed.).
Therefore, people will need to learn how to work with AI and use it to improve their performance and productivity, and save costs. AI has already been applied in routine, highly repeatable tasks, that require a large quantity of observations and decisions to be analyzed for patterns. But in the near future it will be a ‘partner’ for non-routine jobs, and by 2022 one in five workers will need to rely on AI in order to do a job.
“Companies are just beginning to seize the opportunity to improve non-routine work through AI by applying it to general-purpose tools. Once knowledge workers incorporate AI into their work processes as a virtual secretary or intern, robo-employees will become a competitive necessity”, said Craig Roth, research vice president at Gartner.
Obviously, instead of simply use AI to substitute workers, companies and institutions must invest in order to create and reinvent new opportunities and industries, along with new skilled workers, so that this innovation will be productive rather than destructive.
What do you think? Would you interact with a robot during your purchasing process or do you still prefer to see, feel, hear and talk with a real human? If people will do things in the right way we eventually may interact with robots that support humans. On the other hand, if we will assist only to a replacement, nobody will be employed and earn money, which means that no one will be able to by anything and AI will become useless … unless all the governments will decide to pay anyone a fix salary for doing nothing.
How do you see the future? Sci-fi films are closer than ever and we will discover soon which one is more similar to the reality (a bad or a good one).